Construction of Hydroxyl-Terminated Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) Brushes on Silicon Wafer via Surface-Initiated Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization

Turan E., ÇAYKARA T.

JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART A-POLYMER CHEMISTRY, cilt.48, ss.3880-3887, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 48 Konu: 17
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/pola.24170
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.3880-3887


Surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) on silicon wafer in the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol (ME) chain transfer agent was conducted in attempt to create controllable hydroxyl-terminated brushes. The initiator-immobilized substrate, was prepared by the esterification of hydroxyl groups on silicon wafer with 2-bromopropionyl bromide (2-BPB); followed by the ATRP of NIPAM using a catalyst system, that is, Cu(I)Br/2,2'-bipyridine (2,2'-bpy) and a chain transfer agent, that is, ME. The formation of homogeneous tethered poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (poly(NIPAM) brushes with hydroxyl end-group, whose thickness can be tuned by chancing ME concentration, is evidenced by using the combination of grazing angle attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy, gel permeation chromatography, and water contact-angle measurements. The calculation of grafting parameters from experimental measurements indicated the synthesis of densely grafted poly(NIPAM) films with hydroxyl end-group on silicon wafer and allowed us to predict a ME concentration for forming a "brush" conformation for the chains. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 48: 3880-3887, 2010