This study aims to study the relationship between the social skills of 5-6-year-old children and parental behaviors. The sampling of the study consisted of 70 children at the age of five-six attending to the kindergartens, their parents and teachers in Burdur. Data was evaluated for 64 children. The data of the study was collected; through teacher form of "Social Skills Scale (SSS)", sub-scale of "Social Skills Rating System and "Parental Self-Behavior Rating Scale" (PSBRS)" and "Personal Information Form" and "General Information Form" comprising demographic information concerning children and their parents. As a result of the study it was found that there wasn't any statistically significant difference between the children's age, gender, birth order, number of siblings and their social skills scale total scores and sub scale scores. When the findings about behaviors of parents were examined; There wasn't any statistically significant difference between mean scores that mothers obtained from the dimension of PSBRS in terms of age groups and duration of marriage. On the other hand in 'depriving of privileges' sub-dimension with respect to age groups it was found that there was a statistically significant difference between mean scores that fathers obtained from PSBRS sub dimensions (P<0.05). Between mean scores that mothers and fathers obtained from PSBRS sub-dimensions it was found that there was a statistically significant difference in "care and affection" sub-dimension of mothers and "pressure for success" sub-dimension of fathers with respect to educational level (P<0.05). Regarding to occupational group, between mean scores that mothers and fathers obtained from PSBRS sub-dimensions, in "pressure for success" sub-dimension a significant difference was found as at 0.01 level for mothers and at 0.05 level for fathers. It was stated that between the mean scores that mothers and fathers obtained from PSBRS sub-dimension there was a significant difference in "pressure for success" sub-dimension for mothers and "emotional punishment" sub dimension for fathers in terms of the time they spend with their children actively in a day. (P<0.05). When the findings of the relations between the social behaviors of the children and behaviors of parents are studied; a reverse relation at 0.05 level between mothers' "physical punishment" sub-dimension related to PSBRS and children's total scores related to SSS and "cooperation" sub-dimension scores and a reverse and significant relation at 0.01 level between "self-expression/assertiveness" and "self-control" sub-dimension scores were identified. At the same time, a significant and reverse relation at 0.05 level was found between "helping to reach the goals" sub-dimension scores of mothers related to PSBRS and children's "self-expression/assertion" sub-dimension scores related to SSS. Another finding of the study was that there was not a statistically significant relation between scores that fathers obtained from PSBRS sub-dimensions and children's SSS total and sub-dimension scores. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd.