Effect of irreversibilities on performance of an absorption heat transformer used to increase solar pond's temperature


RENEWABLE ENERGY, vol.29, no.4, pp.501-515, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.renene.2003.09.004
  • Journal Name: RENEWABLE ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.501-515
  • Keywords: absorption, heat transformer, simulation, upgrading, solar pond, LITHIUM BROMIDE, EXERGY ANALYSIS, WORKING FLUID, SINGLE-STAGE, WATER
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Absorption thermal systems are attractive for using waste heat energy from industrial processes and renewable energy such as geothermal energy, solar energy, etc. The Absorption Heat Transformer (AHT) is a promising system for recovering low-level waste heat. The thermal processes in the absorption system release a large amount of heat to the environment. This heat is evolved considerably at temperature, the ambient temperature results in a major irreversible loss in the absorption system components. Exergy analysis emphasises that both losses and irreversibility have an impact on system performance. Therefore, evaluating of the AHT in exergy basis is a much more suitable approach. In this study, a mathematical model of AHTs operating with the aqua/ammonia was developed to simulate the performance of these systems coupled to a solar pond in order to increase the temperature of the useful heat produced by solar ponds. A heat source at temperatures not higher than 100 degreesC was used to simulate the heat input to an AHT from a solar pond. In this paper, exergy analysis of the AHT were performed and effects of exergy losses of the system components on performance of the AHT used to increase solar pond's temperature were investigated. The maximum upgrading of solar pond's temperature by the AHT, is obtained at 51.5 degreesC and gross temperature lift at 93.5 degreesC with coefficients of performance of about 0.4. The maximum temperature of the useful heat produced by the AHT was similar to150 degreesC. As a result, determining of exergy losses for the system components show that the absorber and the generator need to be improved thermally. If the exergy losses are reduced, use of the AHT to increase the temperature of the heat used from solar ponds will be more feasable. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.