Cyber victim and bullying scale: A study of validity and reliability

Cetin B., Yaman E., Peker A.

COMPUTERS & EDUCATION, vol.57, no.4, pp.2261-2271, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 57 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.compedu.2011.06.014
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2261-2271
  • Keywords: Cyber victimization, Cyber bullying, Cyber victim and bullying scale, INTERNET HARASSMENT, FREQUENCY, SCHOOL
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No


The purpose of this study is to develop a reliable and valid scale, which determines cyber victimization and bullying behaviors of high school students. Research group consisted of 404 students (250 male, 154 male) in Sakarya, in 2009-2010 academic years. In the study sample, mean age is 16.68. Content validity and face validity of the scale was provided via field specialists' judgment. Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were performed for investigation of the factor structure of the scale. As a result of principal component analysis of cyber victim subscale three factors emerged which accounted for the 46.38% of the total variance. Also for cyber bullying subscale, same three factors emerged accounting for the 49.18% of the total variance. Scales with 22 items under 3 factors were tested with confirmatory factor analysis for each victim and bullying variables. Three factors were named as cyber verbal bullying, hiding identity and cyber forgery. Three factors model of scales were found theoretically and statistically fitted after confirmatory factor analysis. For criterion related validity the correlation between cyber victim and bullying scale and Aggression Scale was calculated as .27 and .36, respectively. The internal consistency coefficients calculated for reliability. Cyber victim and bullying scales' internal consistency coefficients were .89 and split-half coefficients were .79. for both scales. Test-retest reliability for cyber victim .85, for cyber bullying respectively .90 was found. These results demonstrate that the Cyber Victim and Bullying Scale' is a valid and reliable instrument. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.