Knowledge of the environmental impact of the materials and processes typically used in a specific industrial sector is a key factor in enabling companies to improve their products from an environmental perspective and thus expedite their introduction into the growing market for "green" products. Environmental factors should be taken into account at the earliest possible stage of product development and design. The establishment of criteria for selecting materials with low environmental impact during the design of wood-based furniture design is an important aspect for furniture manufacture. This article presents an analysis of the environmental impact of the materials and processes typically used in the wood-based furniture manufacturing sector in Turkey. A life-cycle assessment methodology (LCA) was applied to different kinds of wood-based panels, surface and edge treatments, and their respective manufacturing processes. For each of these, a life-cycle inventory was completed and the environmental impact generated was summarized by applying the Eco-Indicator'99 method. According to the results, standard particleboard had an environmental impact lower than standard fiberboard (72% improvement). For surface and edge finishes, a low-density laminate is preferred to a high-density laminate (36% improvement).