The co-existence of Fabry and celiac diseases: a case report

Tumer L., Ezgu F. S., Hasanoglu A., Dalgic B., Bakkaloglu S. A., Memis L., ...More

PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY, vol.19, no.6, pp.679-681, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00467-004-1462-8
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.679-681
  • Keywords: Fabry disease, celiac disease, enzyme therapy, ENZYME REPLACEMENT THERAPY, ALPHA-GALACTOSIDASE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


We present a patient with Fabry disease with remarkable diagnostic findings and gluten-sensitive enteropathy. An 11-year-old girl was admitted to hospital with weight loss, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, flank pain, acroparesthesia, and painful extremities. Her mother had end-stage renal failure secondary to Fabry disease. On physical examination, she had growth retardation. Ophthalmological examination showed characteristic whorl-like corneal opacities and Fabry disease was confirmed with low alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-gal A) activity. Her painful attacks were treated with carbamazepine, but vomiting and nausea continued. Laboratory studies revealed positive serum anti-endomysium and anti-gliadin antibodies. Small intestinal biopsy showed subtotal villous atrophy compatible with gluten-sensitive enteropathy. Following treatment with a gluten-free diet, her gastrointestinal symptoms completely disappeared within a few weeks and then she had catch-up growth. In her long-term follow-up, proteinuria appeared and renal involvement was confirmed by characteristic renal biopsy findings. Following these clinicopathological findings, enzyme replacement therapy was started. In conclusion, although heterozygous females can be asymptomatic or are expected to have a mild course of the disease, a severe clinical course in our patient in the 2nd decade is of particular interest. In addition, Fabry disease occurring with gluten-sensitive enteropathy, a very rare co-existence, is emphasized.