Oil yields and compositions from seeds of 15 Ebenus taxa growing in Turkey were investigated. The yields were found between 4.0% and 13.0%. The seeds of E. barbigera showed the highest while E. plumosa var. plumosa showed the lowest yield of oil among the 15 taxa investigated. GC/MS showed that linoleic acid (42.8-55.6%), palmitic acid (13.8-23.6%), and oleic acid (15.9-23.6%) are the main fatly acid components of all the species.