Are laboratory evaluations required in every case admitted to the pediatric emergency department with epistaxis?

Güneysu S. T., Güleryüz O. D., Ceylan E., Çağlar A., Çolak Ö.

International journal of clinical practice, vol.75, no.11, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 75 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ijcp.14749
  • Journal Name: International journal of clinical practice
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, MEDLINE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Background Epistaxis is a mostly self-limiting condition common among children and is rarely severe. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the incidence, demographic characteristics, causes of bleeding and treatment methods of patients who presented to the pediatric emergency department (PED) with epistaxis, and to determine in which cases a laboratory test should be used. Method Admitted to Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, PED which provides trauma care and is a tertiary hospital, from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019, 452 patients aged 0-18 years who presented with epistaxis for any reason or secondary to systemic disease were analysed retrospectively. Results The annual incidence was found at 1.23%. The median age was 5.25 years, 258 of the cases (57.1%) were male. It was found that the cases most frequently applied to the hospital in the autumn months (37.6%). Sixty of the patients (13.3%) had a chronic disease and 54 (11.9%) had a history of drug use. Bleeding time was less than 5 minutes in 75.2% and 84.4% of the bleeding was unilateral. Nasal bleeding is local in 73.4%; 4.7% of them developed because of systemic reasons. The most common cause of epistaxis; while they were trauma at the first 10 years of age, they were idiopathic causes after the age of 10 years. In 434 (96%) of the patients, epistaxis spontaneously stopped and there was no need for additional treatment. Conclusion As a result of this study, it was concluded that laboratory tests should be performed in cases with chronic disease history, bilateral bleeding, active bleeding and nontraumatic epistaxis. The situation that causes epistaxis in the childhood age group should be determined with a good history and physical examination, laboratory tests should not be used in every patient.