Background Dual inhibitors of the 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) and the microsomal prostaglandin E-2 synthase-1 (mPGES-1) may exert better anti-inflammatory efficacy and lower risks of adverse effects versus non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Despite these advantages, many dual FLAP/mPGES-1 inhibitors are acidic lipophilic molecules with low solubility and strong tendency for plasma protein binding that limit their bioavailability and bioactivity. Here, we present the encapsulation of the dual FLAP/mPGES-1 inhibitor BRP-187 into the biocompatible polymers acetalated dextran (Acdex) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) via nanoprecipitation. Results The nanoparticles containing BRP-187 were prepared by the nanoprecipitation method and analyzed by dynamic light scattering regarding their hydrodynamic diameter, by scanning electron microscopy for morphology properties, and by UV-VIS spectroscopy for determination of the encapsulation efficiency of the drug. Moreover, we designed fluorescent BRP-187 particles, which showed high cellular uptake by leukocytes, as analyzed by flow cytometry. Finally, BRP-187 nanoparticles were tested in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes and macrophages to determine drug uptake, cytotoxicity, and efficiency to inhibit FLAP and mPGES-1. Conclusion Our results demonstrate that encapsulation of BRP-187 into Acdex and PLGA is feasible, and both PLGA- and Acdex-based particles loaded with BRP-187 are more efficient in suppressing 5-lipoxygenase product formation and prostaglandin E-2 biosynthesis in intact cells as compared to the free compound, particularly after prolonged preincubation periods.