Multiwall carbon nanotube-supported molybdenum catalysts for ammonia decomposition reaction under microwave effect

Guler M., VARIŞLI D.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.44, no.2, pp.309-324, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/kim-1907-4
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chemical Abstracts Core, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.309-324
  • Keywords: COx-free hydrogen, ammonia, multiwall carbon nanotube, molybdenum, FREE HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION, H-2 PRODUCTION, CARBIDE, NANOPARTICLES, RU, MIXTURES, NITRIDE, SIO2, SIZE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, microwave-assisted ammonia decomposition reaction was investigated over molybdenum incorporated catalysts. Due to the selective, volumetric, and noncontact heating properties of the microwave system, higher conversion values could be achieved at relatively lower reaction temperatures, which is important for on-site COx-free hydrogen production. Multiwall carbon nanotube-supported molybdenum catalysts were prepared following the impregnation procedure with different metal loading (3.5%-12.5% wt%), and inductively coupled plasma, nitrogen physisorption, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopic techniques were employed to characterize the fresh and used samples. Reaction experiments were performed under the flow of pure ammonia with a gas hourly space velocity of 36,000 mL/g(cat) .h for both the microwave and conventionally heated reaction systems. It was found that ammonia conversion was obtained even at 400 degrees C, reaching 40%, and total conversion was observed even at 450 degrees C, while the activities of these catalysts were negligible at a reaction temperature lower than 550 degrees C, in the conventional heated system, which included an electrically heated furnace. Crystals of alpha-Mo2C as well as MoO2 were observed in the structures of the synthesized catalysts and the formation of nitride species was more easily observable under microwave heating, possibly due to the nitridation of molybdenum carbide species during the reaction.