Anxiety Levels of Primary Caregivers of Children With Tracheostomy During the COVID-19 Pandemic


Onay Z. R., RAMASLI GÜRSOY T., ŞİŞMANLAR EYÜBOĞLU T., ASLAN A. T., Acar A. Ş., YAPAR D., ...More

CLINICAL PEDIATRICS, vol.60, no.13, pp.504-511, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/00099228211040661
  • Journal Name: CLINICAL PEDIATRICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EBSCO Education Source, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.504-511
  • Keywords: children, COVID-19, mothers, State-Trait Inventory, tracheostomy
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

We aim to evaluate the anxiety levels of caregivers of children with tracheostomy during the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic. Caregivers of 31 children with tracheostomy and 105 healthy children (control group) were included. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory was administered via teleconference in order to investigate how participants describe how they feel at a particular moment (State) and how they generally feel (Trait). The trait anxiety levels of caregivers of children with tracheostomy were significantly higher (P = .02). Their state anxiety levels were similar. The state and trait anxiety levels of caregivers of children with tracheostomy correlated (r = 0.70, P < .001). At the end of the teleconference, caregivers of children with tracheostomy experienced greater anxiety relief than controls (P < .001). Trait anxiety scores were higher among caregivers of children with tracheostomy, but their state anxiety levels were comparable to those of controls. Caregivers with high trait anxiety also exhibited high state anxiety. Informing caregivers of children with tracheostomy about COVID-19 via teleconference can reduce their anxiety during such stressful times.