The cardiovascular effects of short-term overt hypothyroidism are not well known. We investigated proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), soluble lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor 1 (sLOX-1) and the ankle brachial index (ABI) in thyroid cancer patients with short-term overt hypothyroidism due to thyroid hormone withdrawal (THW). Twenty-one patients requiring radioactive iodine (RAT) ablation or scanning and 36 healthy control subjects were enrolled. Patients were evaluated in the subclinical thyrotoxic phase when they were on suppressive levothyroxine therapy and in the overt hypothyroid phase due to THW for four weeks. PCSK9, sLOX-1, lipids and ABI were measured in the patient and control groups. Total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides and Apo B levels were increased in short overt hypothyroidism compared with the control group (p<0.001). PCSK9 levels increased before THW and after THW in the patients compared to control group (p<0.001, p=0.004, respectively). sLOX-1 levels were not different between patients with short term overt hypothyroidism and control group (p=0.27). ABI was found to be significantly decreased in patients with thyroid cancer before and after THW compared to control group (p=0.04, p=0.002 respectively). PCSK9 levels were correlated negatively with ABI (r=-0.38, p=0.004). In conclusion; our study demonstrated that patients with differentiated thyroid cancer both before and after THW which is a short term overt hypothyroid phase, had increased PCSK9 levels and decreased ABI. Short term overt hypothyroidism also leads to increased HDL, LDL, total cholesterol, Apo A and Apo B levels.