In this study, the analysis of cutting forces on medium carbon AISI 1050-to which different spheroidization heat treatments were applied-was conducted by the mixed-level Taguchi orthogonal experiment design method. In the experiments, besides the parameters of feed rate, depth of cut and cutting speed having effect on cutting forces as a factor in orthogonal design, the spheroidization time and temperature parameters were also used. By the performed orthogonal experiment design method, the values of cutting forces were estimated using the five-factor, two-and three-leveled Taguchi L36 (2(2) x 3(3)) mixed orthogonal experiment design method. The effectiveness of the machining parameters on the cutting force was revealed by performing analysis of variance test. Moreover, the effectiveness rates of the parameters were also determined in the study as per the signal noise rates. Consequently, it has been observed that the feed rate is more effective on the cutting forces compared to other parameters.