Genotoxic and antigenotoxic potential of amygdalin on isolated human lymphocytes by the comet assay


JOURNAL OF FOOD BIOCHEMISTRY, vol.44, no.10, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jfbc.13436
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: amygdalin, antigenotoxicity, comet assay, genotoxicity, in vitro, VITAMIN B17, DNA-DAMAGE, CELL-CYCLE, TNF-ALPHA, CANCER, APOPTOSIS, EXPRESSIONS, PRODUCTS
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Amygdalin is a cyanogenic glycoside, mainly present in the seeds of theRosaceaefamily such as apricots, peaches, and bitter almond. In this study, in vitro genotoxic and antigenotoxic effects of amygdalin have been investigated on human peripheral blood lymphocytes using the comet assay. The antigenotoxic effect of amygdalin was performed against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) using three different treatment types (pre-, simultaneous, and post-treatment). The isolated lymphocytes were incubated with different concentrations of amygdalin (0.86-13.75 mu g/ml) alone and in combination with H2O2(100 mu M). The results indicated that amygdalin exhibited an antigenotoxic effect against H2O2, but it did not induce the genotoxic effect alone in tested concentrations in vitro on human lymphocytes. Practical applications Amygdalin is a natural compound used in alternative medicine as an anti-cancer, antipyretic, and cough suppressant. The comet assay which is relatively simple, rapid, sensitive, and economically efficient, measures the changes in genomic stability. Assessment of amygdalin alone has no genotoxic effect on human lymphocytes. Moreover, antigenotoxicity applications (pre-, simultaneous, and post-treatments) of amygdalin significantly reduced the DNA damage induced by H(2)O(2)on isolated human lymphocytes. In conclusion, amygdalin is not genotoxic, also, it exhibited antigenotoxic activity against oxidatively damaged DNA due to its antioxidant properties on human lymphocytes.