Composition of the essential oils of four endemic Sideritis species from Turkey

Kirimer N., Tabanca N., Tumen G., Duman H., Baser K.

FLAVOUR AND FRAGRANCE JOURNAL, vol.14, no.6, pp.421-425, 1999 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Page Numbers: pp.421-425


Sideritis phlomoides Boiss. & Bal., S. vulcanica Hub.-Mor,. S. vuralii Duman & Baser and S. caesarea Duman, Aytac & Baser are endemic species in Turkey. Water-distilled essential oils from the flowering spike of these plants were analysed by GCMS. beta -Pinens (35%). 1,8-cineole (15%) and alpha -pinene (15%) were the main component in the oil of S. vuralii. while beta -caryophyllene (8%) and caryophyllene oxide (7%) were the major constitutents in the oil of S.. caesarea. The oils from S. phlomoides and S. vulcanica tr were found to contain beta -caryophyllene (31% and 10%) as major constituents. alpha -Bisabolol (16%) was also found as a major component in the oil of Sideritis phlomoides. Copyright (C) 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.