An ab initio study of the Te surfactant on Ge/Si(001)

ÇAKMAK M. , Srivastava G., Ellialtioglu S.

SURFACE SCIENCE, vol.566, pp.719-722, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 566
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.susc.2004.06.005
  • Title of Journal : SURFACE SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.719-722


We present ab initio density functional calculations for the surfactant effect of Te on the Ge/Si(001) surface. Direct deposition of a Ge layer on top of the Si substrate is found to be energetically favorable by 0.50 eV than the Ge-interdiffused case. We do not find any significant energy difference when we used 1 monolayer (ML) Te as surfactant within (1 x 1). For Te adsorption within the (2 x 2) surface reconstruction, we have considered two models for each of 1 ML Ge and 2 ML Ge case: (i) bridge model (Te atom is at the top of Ge-Ge dimer) and (ii) anti-bridge model (two Te atoms saturate the four dangling bonds at two neighboring Ge-Ge dimers in a row). For the 1 ML Ge case we have found that the anti-bridge model is energetically favorable by 0.70 eV than the bridge-model. However, when we have considered the same models for the 2 ML Ge case, this energy difference increases to 0.90 eV. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.