Association of GABA(B)R1 receptor gene polymorphism with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome


Bayazit Y. A. , Yilmaz M., Kokturk O. , Erdal M. E. , Ciftci T. , Gokdogan T., ...More

ORL-JOURNAL FOR OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY AND ITS RELATED SPECIALTIES, vol.69, no.3, pp.190-197, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000099230
  • Title of Journal : ORL-JOURNAL FOR OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY AND ITS RELATED SPECIALTIES
  • Page Numbers: pp.190-197

Abstract

Objective: GABA(B)R (gamma-amino butyric acid B receptor)-mediated neurotransmission has been implicated in the pathophysiology of a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders. GABA(B)R1 gene variants were identified by single-strand conformation analysis. The nucleotide exchanges cause a substitution of alanine to valine in exon 1a1 (Ala20Val), a substitution of glycine to serine in exon 7 (Gly489Ser) and a silent C to G nucleotide exchange encoding the amino acid phenylalanine in exon 11 (Phe658Phe). The significance of GABA(B)R1a gene polymorphism in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) as well as the association of these polymorphisms with the polysomnography findings in OSAS patients are not known. In this study, we aimed to assess the significance of 3 different GABA(B)R1 gene polymorphisms (Ala20Val, Gly489Ser and Phe658Phe) in OSAS. Methods: Seventy-five patients (23 female and 52 male) with OSAS and 99 healthy volunteers (51 female, 48 male) were included in the study to assess Ala20Val, Gly489Ser and Phe658Phe polymorphisms of the GABA(B)R1 gene. Results: For the Ala20Val variants, there was no significant difference between the genotypes and allele frequencies of the patients and controls, nor between both genders (p > 10.05). For Phe658Phe polymorphism, there was no significant difference between genotypes and allele frequencies of the patients and controls (p > 0.05). However, the C/C genotype was overrepresented and the T/C genotype was less frequent in male than female patients (p = 0.03). The C/C genotype was overrepresented and the T/C genotype was less frequent in male patients than male controls (p = 0.01). For GABA(B)R1-Gly489Ser polymorphism, all of the patients and controls had G/G genotype. The apnea arousal index scores of the male patients with C/C genotype were significantly higher than in the patients with C/T genotype (p = 0.01). The percent total sleep time in non-REM 1 scores of the male patients with T/T genotype were significantly higher than in the patients with T/C genotype (p = 0.021). The percent total sleep time in non-REM 2 scores of the female patients with C/C genotype were significantly higher than in the patients with C/T genotype (p = 0.006). Conclusion: The Ala20Val polymorphism of the GABA(B)R1 gene may be associated with OSAS, whereas Gly489Ser polymorphism does not seem to be involved in OSAS. The C/C variant of the Phe658Phe polymorphism GABA(B)R1 gene seems associated with the occurrence of OSAS and is also associated with some sleep related parameters (apnea arousal index and percent total sleep time in non-REM) recorded by polysomnography. Copyright (c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.