Wind turbine speed control of a contactless piezoelectric wind energy harvester


Celik E., KURT E. , ÖZTÜRK N.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRONICS, cilt.107, ss.226-238, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 107 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/00207217.2019.1643039
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRONICS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.226-238

Özet

Wind turbine control is an important task to make the electricity generation secure in terms of energy demand and machine safety. It also yields to control the desired power level and optimized energy because of the assignment of turbine speed. The contactless piezoelectric wind energy harvester (CPWEH) used in this study has three piezoelectric layers located around the shaft with 120 degrees apart and they are buckled by the magnetic force without any physical contact. The superiority of this device is to generate energy for low wind speeds such as 1.5 m/s. However, for high speeds, high total harmonic distortions (THDs) govern the waveforms, thus controlling the turbine speed becomes necessary for optimizing the output power. Encouraged by this, a small low inertia dc generator is coupled with the wind turbine, and the generator terminals are connected to a resistor through a power switch to generate a braking torque that opposes to wind speed direction. By controlling the switch properly, turbine speed is ensured to remain within a certain band, which accordingly prevents the turbine from rotating very fast at damaging wind speeds. Several experiments are performed on the developed CPWEH with/without the presented control scheme which prove the existence of promising performance of our proposal.