The effect of Health Belief Model-based health education programme on coping with premenstrual syndrome: a randomised controlled trial

Ayaz Alkaya S., Yaman Sözbir Ş., Terzi H.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING PRACTICE, vol.26, no.2, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ijn.12816
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Keywords: Health belief model, health education, nursing, premenstrual syndrome, STUDENTS
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Aim The aim of this randomised controlled study was to determine the effect of Health Belief Model (HBM)-based health education programme in late adolescent period on coping with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Methods Thirty women both in the intervention and control groups were included. The HBM-based education programme was applied to cope with PMS. The intervention and control groups were followed up for three cycles in terms of PMS symptoms. The data were collected by a questionnaire and the Premenstrual Syndrome Scale. Results There was a statistically significant difference between the pre-test mean scores and the first, second and third follow-up mean scores; and between the first follow-up mean score and the second and the third follow-up mean scores in the repeated measurements of the intervention group (p <.05). The mean scores of the intervention group were found to be significantly lower than the control group in the second and third follow-ups (p < .05). Conclusion In conclusion, HBM-based health education was effective for coping with PMS. It is recommended for dealing with PMS to use HBM-based education programmes, to motivate the students for life style changes, and to identify the obstacles and the benefits perceived about PMS.