The new strategic environment that was created with the end of the Cold War, led many European countries to abolish conscription and adopt an all volunteer force (AVF). Even though it is not likely for the Turkish Armed Forces to adopt an AVF in the near future, the issue has been in the official documents of the Turkish Armed Forces since the 1990s. Thus, efforts have been made by all services to increase the ratio of professional officers. One possible way of achieving this is the re-enlistment of present recruits. This paper examines the possible economic and socio-economic determinants of the re-enlistment decision of recruits for Turkey's Armed Forces. The empirical findings indicate that the geographical background as well as economic welfare is influential in the re-enlistment decision.