Crossflow Filtration of Iron(III), Copper(II), and Cadmium(II) Aqueous Solutions with Alginic Acid/Cellulose Composite Membranes


ÇİFCİ C., Sanli O.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.115, no.1, pp.616-623, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 115 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/app.31066
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.616-623

Abstract

The removal of Fe(III), Cu(II), and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions was investigated with a cross-flow filtration technique. Alginic acid (AA)/cellulose composite membranes were used for retention. In the filtration of Fe(III) solutions, the effects of the crossflow velocity, applied pressure, AA content of the membranes, and pH on the retention percentage and the permeate flux were examined. The maximum retention percentage was found to be 89% for a 1 x 10(-4) M Fe(III) solution at the flow velocity of 100 mL/min and the pressure of 60 kPa with 0.50% (w/v) AA/cellulose composite membranes at pH 3. Aqueous solutions of Cu(II) and Cd(II) were filtered at the flow velocity of 100 mL/min and pressure of 10 kPa. The effects of the AA content of the membranes and pH of the waste medium on the retention percentage and the permeate flux were determined. For 1 x 10(-4) M Cu(II) and Cd(II) solutions, the maximum retention percentages were found to be 94 and 75%, respectively, at pH 7 with 0.50% (w/v) AA/cellulose composite membranes. When metal-on mixtures were used, the retention percentages of Fe(III), Cu(II), and Cd(II) were found to be 89, 48, and 10%, respectively, at pH 3 with 0.50% (w/v) AA/cellulose composite membranes. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 115: 616-623, 2010