Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) that could grow on modified Postgate C medium (PC) containing chromium(VI) were isolated from industrial wastewaters and their chromium(VI) reduction capacities were investigated as a function of changes in the initial pH values, chromium, sulfate, NaCl and reactive dye concentrations. The optimum pH value at 50 mg l(-1) initial chromium(VI) concentration was determined to be 8. Chromium(VI) reduction by SRB was investigated at 22.7-98.4 mg l(-1) initial chromium(VI) concentrations. At the end of the experiments, the mixed cultures of SRB were found to reduce within 2-6 days more than 99% of the initial chromium(VI) levels, which ranged from 22.7 to 74.9 mg l(-1). The effects of the initial 0-9.0g l(-1) concentrations of disodium sulfate and 0-6% (w/v) concentrations of NaCl to chromium reduction showed that the lowest concentrations of sulfate and NaCl were the best for chromium reduction in the PC medium including 50 mg l(-1) chromium(VI). Chromium(VI) reduction in 50 mg l(-1) and 25-100 mg l(-1) Remazol Blue, Reactive Black B or Reactive Red RB containing media were also investigated. In the experiments, 25-30% of the initial dye concentrations and 95% of the chromium(VI) was removed from the medium at the end of 72-h and 24-h incubation periods, respectively. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.