A PDR-based scheduling scheme for LTE-A networks

Hajjawi A., Ismail M., Abdullah N. F., Nordin R., ERTUĞ Ö.

Journal of Communications, vol.11, no.9, pp.856-861, 2016 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.12720/jcm.11.9.856-861
  • Journal Name: Journal of Communications
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.856-861
  • Keywords: 4G, LTE-A, QoS, Resource allocation, RT applications, Scheduling
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Carrier Aggregation (CA) technology is one of the enhancements keys which supports high bandwidth up to 100 MHz in Long Term Evolution Advanced (LTE-A) networks. CA technology has been developed by The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) to serve mobile users with high data rate up to 1 Gbps for downlink and 500 Mbps for uplink. However, 3GPP has not defined a firm provision to handle scheduling process so that scheduling becomes an open issue. This paper proposes a novel scheduling algorithm based on Packet Drop Rate (PDR) and cooperative game theory mechanisms. In the first stage, the classes are classified based on the PDR including both Real-Time and Non Real-Time classes. In the second stage, the proposed algorithm forms a coalition between classes, allowing them to share bandwidth. Then, the available resources are distributed as a proportion among classes to guarantee the minimum requirements for high priority applications and give a chance to low priority applications to be served. The proposed scheme is evaluated in terms of throughput, delay, and fairness and compared with Proportional Fairness (PF) and Exponential-rule (EXP-rule) algorithms. The proposed scheme outperforms the other two comparative algorithms in terms of throughput, delay and fairness index.