A novel in situ synthesized magnetite containing acrylonitrile and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate grafted poly(vinyl alcohol) nanocomposite membranes for pervaporation separation of acetone/water mixtures


Olukman M., Sanli O.

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND PROCESSING-PROCESS INTENSIFICATION, vol.98, pp.60-70, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 98
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cep.2015.10.002
  • Title of Journal : CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND PROCESSING-PROCESS INTENSIFICATION
  • Page Numbers: pp.60-70

Abstract

In this study separation of acetone/water mixtures was investigated by pervaporation (PV) technique using poly(vinyl alcohol)-g-acrylonitrile/2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-Fe3O4 (PVA-g-AN/HEMA-Fe3O4) nanocomposite membranes. AN and HEMA was grafted onto PVA by irradiating with UV light. The graft copolymer was characterized by elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), proton-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-1 NMR), carbon-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (C-13 NMR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Magnetite nanoparticles were in situ synthesized in copolymer membrane and the membrane was characterized by using FTIR, DSC, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and contact angle measurements. Membrane performance was examined by changing the feed composition (0-100 wt.%) and operating temperature (30-50 degrees C). The highest separation factor of 120 was obtained with 80 wt.% acetone concentration in the feed. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.