Investigating socio-economic ranking of cities in Turkey using data envelopment analysis (DEA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA)

ÜNSAL M. G., Nazman E.

ANNALS OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH, vol.294, pp.281-295, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 294
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10479-017-2748-0
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ABI/INFORM, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Public Affairs Index, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.281-295
  • Keywords: Socio-economic data, Linear discriminant analysis, Ranking, Efficiency measurement, Data envelopment analysis, PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS, PERFORMANCE, EFFICIENCY
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Decision makers have to analyze both social and economic situation of the cities because of the budget constraint of the governments while considering investment to the cities. In this respect, data envelopment analysis (DEA) has been widely used to determine the efficiency of the cities and to make clear the needs of the cities calling decision making units. In this study, socio-economic ranking of the cities of Turkey is presented by using DEA and linear discriminant analysis and the cities are compared to each other according to the socio-economic development efficiency scores. Then, the highlighted inferences about the cities are presented according to the NUTs-1 classification.