Two herb gallwasp species, Aulacidea tavakolii Melika, 2008 on Tragopogon longirostris Bisch ex Schultz var longirostris (Asteraceae) and the Ay lax minor Hartig, 1840 on Papaver rhoeas L. and Papaver dubium L. (Papaveraceae) are recorded for the first time from Turkey. Aulacidea tavakolii is also a new record in genus level. Ay lax hypecoi Trotter, 1913 was recorded for the second time on Hypecoum imberbe Sibth and Sm. (Papaveraceae) from Turkey. Data on distribution, hosts and gall structures are given.