Repeatability and Pervasiveness of Self-Healing in Engineered Cementitious Composites

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Sahmaran M., Yildirim G., Noori R., ÖZBAY E., Lachemi M.

ACI MATERIALS JOURNAL, vol.112, no.4, pp.513-522, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 112 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.14359/51687308
  • Title of Journal : ACI MATERIALS JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.513-522


This paper investigates the intrinsic self-healing ability of engineered cementitious composites (ECCs) coupled with multiple microcrack formation under mechanical loading based on two robustness criteria: repeatability and pervasiveness. To this end, two different composites containing Class F fly ash and slag were investigated To generate microcracks, specimens were repeatedly preloaded up to 70% of their deformation capacities under mechanical loading at the end of each specified cyclic wet/dry conditioning period Resonant frequency (RP) a,id rapid chloride permeability tests (RCPT) were used to assess the extent of damage and self-healing, and final results were supported by microscope observations. RF measurements were recorded from two different parts of each specimen (the top and middle portions) to monitor whether self-healing takes place in certain regions or whether it is pervasive over the entire specimen. Results of the experimental study show that depending on the type of mineral admixture used and the duration of initial curing before deterioration, ECC specimens can recover up to 85% of their initial RF measurements, even after six repetitive preloading applications. The recovery rates observed in the middle portion are similar to those in the top portion for both ECC mixtures (to a slightly lesser extent), which implies that self-healing is quite pervasive. Furthermore, after repeated application of severe preloading, RCPT results for both mixtures selfish) low or moderate chloride ion penetrability levels in accordance with ASTM C1202. Due to the enhanced self-healing capability of specimens, maximum crack width observed over the specimen surfaces was restricted to 190 mu m (0.008 in), even after nine preloadings. These findings suggest that under certain conditions, the ECC materials produced in this study may significantly enhance the functionality of structures by reducing the need for repair and/or maintenance.