Less known non-infectious and neuromusculoskeletal system-originated anterolateral neck and craniofacial pain disorders

AYDİL U., KIZIL Y., Koybasioglu A.

EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY, vol.269, no.1, pp.9-16, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Pain syndromes of neuromusculoskeletal origin are not well-known by most of the clinicians working on head and neck area. As a result, most of the patients with these syndromes are either overlooked without having any treatment or they inappropriately have antibiotic treatments or surgical interventions such as dental extractions and tonsillectomies. Better recognition of the pain syndromes of the neck and face region or entities related to neuromusculoskeletal system may result in more appropriate and effective management of such conditions while avoiding unnecessary medical and surgical treatments. In this review, causes, clinical characteristics, diagnostic and treatment modalities of relatively less known craniofacial and neck pain entities including Eagle syndrome, carotidynia, glossopharyngeal neuralgia, superior laryngeal neuralgia, hyoid bone syndrome, acute calcific retropharyngeal tendinitis, temporal tendinitis, thyroid and cricoid cartilage syndromes, and mastoid process syndrome are summarized.