The repair of hypospadias is among the most difficult problems in urology, as it demands the construction of a well-functioning urethra and a good cosmetic appearance. We performed a retrospective analysis of 422 cases subjected to one-stage anterior hypospadias repair between 1982 and 1999 in our clinic and investigated the effects of factors Eke degree of hypospadias, surgical technique, and the surgeon's experience on outcome. The operations used were MAGPI (91), urethral advancement (10), Mathieu (260), modified Allen-Spence (50). onlay island flap (5). and double-faced island flap (6) procedures. The early complication rate was 1811, while the final success rate following secondary interventions was 95%. The complications included fistula formation in 49 cases (12%), flap necrosis in 12 (3%). meatal problems in 12 (3%), residual chordee in 4 (1%), and urethral stricture in 1 (< 1%). Complication rates were significantly higher if the meatus was proximal or there was severe chordee and in the first 6 years of the study. The flap procedures were associated with a higher complication rate. It is concluded that one-stage procedures are successful in the repair of anterior hypospadias in experienced hands with proper patient selection.