Effects of the Changes, Due to Swimming, in the Body Water Balance on Swimming Performance

Dölek B. E., Yıldıran İ., Koz M.

13th International Sports Sciences Congress, Konya, Turkey, 7 - 09 November 2014, pp.96

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Konya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.96
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: The purpose of this study, it has been aimed to find an answer to the question whether liquid is lost throughout these trainings and if it is, what are its effects on one’s performance. Methods: Totally 30 swimmers (age:15.36±1.03 year), 15 girls (age:15.0±0.84 year) and 15 boys (age:15.73±1.10 year), who ranked first five in their age group in Turkey championship, have taken part voluntarily in the study whose topic is “Effects of the changes, due to swimming, in the body water balance on swimming performance”. Years of experience of the swimmers are 8±1.16 year. Either sex group is composed of three swimmers of each style (butterfly, breaststroke, backstroke, free style and medley). Within the study, the measurements of blood hematocrit value, urine density, total body water percentage, body weight and 50m free style performance have been made. In the analyses of the data provided by our study, SPSS 15 program has been used and a cut of point in all the statistical analyses has been taken as 0.05. Findings: After the trainings which are done without water reinforcement, it has been observed that for either sex, hematocrit value and urine density increased (p<0.05), body weight and total body water percentage decreased (p<0.05) and the performance in 50m free style remained the same. However, after the trainings with water intake, it has been observed that the performance in 50m free style increased. Results: Regarding swimming that is not considered to cause water loss as being performed in water, it has been determined that the water intake affects the performance. As the water that is consumed during the trainings which are done prior to a competition directly affects the race performance, water consumption is critically important as to the rankings.