Prangos turcica A. Duran, M. Sagiroglu & H. Duman sp. nova (Apiaceae) is described and illustrated from Anatolia, Turkey. The species grows in mixed forest, on shady slopes and open forest in Amanos Mountains (C6 Osmaniye province). Prangos turcica, an endemic confined to South Anatolia, is closely related to P. trifida (Mill.) Herrnst. & Heyn. Diagnostic morphological characters from closely similar taxa are discussed. Habitat ecology of the species is also discussed. Prangos turcica is diploid with the chromosome number of 22.