Characteristics of uveitic glaucoma in Turkish patients


TEKELİ O., Elgin U., Takmaz T., Eksioglu U., Bas Z., Yarangumeli A., ...Daha Fazla

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/1120672120950932
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY

Özet

Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence of uveitic glaucoma (UG) in the Turkish population and investigate the primary underlying diseases. Methods: This multicenter, cross-sectional, prospective study included patients who presented to the glaucoma units of 10 tertiary ophthalmology departments in Ankara, Turkey from 15th March to 16th May 2015 and fulfilled the criteria of UG. Patients were inspected for age, sex, medical history, best corrected visual acuity, biomicroscopic findings, intraocular pressure values, and visual field results. Results: During the study period, 4604 eyes of 2541 patients with glaucoma were screened and 145 eyes of 104 patients (4.1%) were identified as having UG. One hundred and thirty-four eyes (92.4%) had open-angle glaucoma and 11 eyes (7.6%) had closed-angle glaucoma. The mean patient age was 47 +/- 16 (6-90) years. Idiopathic uveitis (54 eyes), Behcet's disease (26 eyes), Fuchs heterochromic cyclitis (21 eyes), Herpes Simplex virus infectious uveitis (14 eyes), and ankylosing spondylitis (six eyes) were the leading types of uveitis associated with glaucoma. Acute anterior uveitis was the most common type of uveitis diagnosed in 72 patients (105 eyes), whereas 21 patients (27 eyes) had panuveitis, eight patients (nine eyes) had intermediate uveitis, and three patients (four eyes) had posterior uveitis. The need for surgical intervention was 37.2% among all cases and the most common surgery was trabeculectomy in 45 eyes. Conclusion: UG is a vision-threatening complication commonly seen in patients with uveitis. This study demonstrates the epidemiological features and underlying etiologies of UG in the Turkish population. The most common primary causes of UG were Behcet's disease and Fuchs heterochromic cyclitis.