Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Factors, 1990-2019 Update From the GBD 2019 Study

Roth G. A., Mensah G. A., Johnson C. O., Addolorato G., Ammirati E., Baddour L. M., ...More

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, vol.76, no.25, pp.2982-3021, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 76 Issue: 25
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.11.010
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.2982-3021
  • Keywords: cardiovascular diseases, global health, health policy, population health, MITRAL-VALVE-PROLAPSE, PREVENTION, MORTALITY, POPULATIONS, OUTCOMES, DECLINE, TRENDS, SEX
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), principally ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke, are the leading cause of global mortality and a major contributor to disability. This paper reviews the magnitude of total CVD burden, including 13 underlying causes of cardiovascular death and 9 related risk factors, using estimates from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2019. GBD, an ongoing multinational collaboration to provide comparable and consistent estimates of population health over time, used all available population-level data sources on incidence, prevalence, case fatality, mortality, and health risks to produce estimates for 204 countries and territories from 1990 to 2019.