Application of self-tuning PID control with genetic algorithm to a semi-batch polystyrene reactor


ALTINTEN A. , Karakurt S., Erdogan S., ALPBAZ M.

INDIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY, cilt.17, sa.5, ss.356-365, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 17 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Dergi Adı: INDIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.356-365

Özet

In semi-batch polymerization reactors, due to changing monomer concentration, the reaction rate varies non-linearly with the time. The heat transfer characteristics change by the large changes in the viscosity of the polymer solution over the reaction and by the environmental conditions like temperature. These factors complicate the automatic control of polymerization processes. In this study, considering operational constraints, optimum reactor temperature for the desired conversion and molecular weight in minimum time was tried to track using self-tuning PID controller. Tuning parameters of controller were obtained by using Genetic Algorithm. The fitness function for GA was chosen to be the integral of the absolute value of the error (IAE). The results show that STPID controller with genetic algorithm controls the temperature of the semi-batch polymerization reactor very well.