The Structural and Electrical Properties of the Au/n-Si (MS) Diodes with Nanocomposites Interlayer (Ag-Doped ZnO/PVP) by Using the Simple Ultrasound-Assisted Method


Altindal Ş. , Sevgili O., Azizian-Kalandaragh Y.

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol.66, no.7, pp.3103-3109, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 66 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/ted.2019.2913906
  • Title of Journal : IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
  • Page Numbers: pp.3103-3109

Abstract

© 1963-2012 IEEE.In this paper, Au/Ag-doped ZnO/polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP)/n-Si [metal-polymer-semiconductor (MPS)] Schottky Barrier Diodes (SBDs) were fabricated. The structural properties of the Ag-doped ZnO/PVP nanocomposites have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analyses. The XRD pattern indicated that the samples have high purity ZnO and Ag materials and have not observed other peaks. The mean crystallite size of nanoparticles was calculated using Debye-Scherer's equation and the measured sizes reveal clearly the formation of small nanocrystals. The SEM and EDX results show the sheetlike ZnO nanostructures and also confirm the presence of Zn, O, and Ag materials with the nonstoichiometric ratio. The values of ideality factor (n), zero-bias barrier height (ΦB0), and series resistance (RS) of the MPS-type SBD were obtained from both the thermionic emission (TE) and Cheung function and the observed some discrepancy between them was due to the voltage-dependent of these parameters and the nature of the calculation method. The value of surface states (Nss) was changed from 2.2 × 1013 eV-1 cm-2 at (Ec ? 0.44) eV to 8.19 × 1012 eV-1 cm-2 at (Ec ? 0.69) eV and these values are more suitable for the MPS-type SBD. The values of doping-donor atoms (ND), depletion layer width (WD), and φB [capacitancevoltage (C?V )] were obtained from the reverse bias C-2?V plot as a function of frequency. While the value of ND decreases with increasing frequency,WD increases almost as exponentially. However, there is a good relationship between φB (C?V ) and ln(f ).