p53 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression in non-tumoral liver diseases

Akyol G., Dursun A., Poyraz A., Uluoglu O., Ataoglu O., Edaly N., ...More

PATHOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, vol.49, no.3, pp.214-221, 1999 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Doi Number: 10.1046/j.1440-1827.1999.00849.x
  • Page Numbers: pp.214-221


The tumor suppressor gene p53 is known to be involved in the negative regulation of cell growth, Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), which is a nuclear protein and a component of the DNA replication process, is also involved in growth regulation, Both have been studied as progression markers in various tumors including hepatocellular carcinoma. In the present study, the aberrant p53 protein and PCNA expressions in non-tumoral liver diseases were investigated, Using monoclonal antibodies anti-p53 (D07-DAKO) and anti-PCNA (PC10-DAKO), 149 samples were stained, including 10 normal and 10 tumoral control liver tissues, p53 Overexpression was detected in 52 specimens (35%) whereas PCNA positivity was found in 96 (64%), There were 21 different pathological entities but most of the positive samples could be grouped into four types of diseases; namely, non-specific reactive hepatitis, steato-hepatitis, chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis, Statistical analyses performed on these groups revealed that p53 positivity was found to be significantly higher in steatohepatitis (P < 0.05), while PCNA positivity did not show any statistical significance, The number of samples showing both p53 and PCNA positivity was 42 but their coexistence was not found to be significant, Certain cytological alterations like nuclear pleomorphism, steatosis and cholestasis, in addition to necroinflammatory activity, were evaluated for their possible impact on p53 andlor PCNA positivity, Necroinflammatory activity in steatohepatitis and steatosis in chronic hepatitis was found to be significant for p53 positivity (P < 0.05), In contrast, nuclear pleomorphism in non-specific reactive hepatitis was found to be significant for PCNA positivity (P < 0.05).