Effect of polycondensation reaction conditions on the properties of thermotropic liquid-crystalline copolyester


Yikici M., YERLİKAYA Z., Aksoy S., ALTINOK H.

JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE PART A-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY, cilt.45, ss.620-627, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 45 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/10601320802168744
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE PART A-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.620-627

Özet

In this study a range of wholly aromatic copolyesters based on kink m-acetoxybenzoic acid (m-ABA) monomer (33 mol%) and equimolar-linear p-acetoxybenzoic acid (p-ABA), hydroquinone diacetate (HQDA) and terephthalic acid (TPA) monomers (67 mol%) have been synthesized by melt polycondensation reaction process at 280 degrees C and 260 degrees C for different time intervals. Characterization of copolyesters were performed by solution viscosity measurement, wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), hot-stage polarized light microscopy, proton-nuclear magnetic resonance analysis ((1)H-NMR). According to the results obtained, copolyesters showed thermotropic liquid crystalline behavior in an appropriate temperature range. The copolyesters were prepared in high yields. It was observed that the intrinsic viscosities of the copolyesters are increased regularly with increasing polymerization time and temperature. All the copolyesters were soluble in a trifluoroacetic acid/dichloromethane (30:70 v/v) except the copolyesters which were synthesized at 280 degrees C in 5h. According to the WAXD results; the degree of crystallinity of copolyesters were found to be between 5-15%. DSC and hot stage polarized light microscopy results showed that all the copolyesters are melt processable and a significant molecular interaction exist in a very broad temperature range (160 degrees C and 165 degrees C) in the nematic mesophase. The Tg values are increased with an increasing polycondensation reaction time and temperature and they were observed between 93-126 degrees C. Fibers prepared by a hand-spinning technique from the polymer melt exhibit well-developed fibrillar structure parallel to the fiber axis.