Reproductive history, socioeconomic status and disability in the women aged 65 years or older in Turkey


AKIN B., Ege E., Kocoglu D., Arslan S. Y. , BİLGİLİ N.

ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS, vol.50, no.1, pp.11-15, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.archger.2009.01.001
  • Title of Journal : ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.11-15
  • Keywords: Elderly women, Fertility history, Socioeconomic status, Disability of elderly women, FUNCTIONAL STATUS DECLINE, GREAT-BRITAIN, RISK-FACTORS, LATER LIFE, HEALTH, CHILDBEARING, MORTALITY, CHILDREN, ENGLAND, LIMITATIONS

Abstract

Pregnancy and childbirth are an important physiological and emotional phenomenon in their lives for most women and studies have shown that this process may have a significant impact on their health at later ages. The objective of the study is to examine the relationship between functional disabilities in women over the age of 65 and their reproductive history and socioeconomic status. This is a cross-sectional study. The study group consisted of 543 women aged 65 or over. A general questionnaire and the Brief Disability Questionnaire (BDQ) were used to collect data with face-to-face interview in home visits. Of the women 79.2% have disability. First childbirth was experienced at the average age of 19.6 +/- 3.3 and the average age at which the women experienced their last delivery was 32.5 +/- 6.3. Parity was 4.1 +/- 1.7. Advanced age, being widowed and illiterate, less income, being outside of the middle class and having more than four children are important determinants for later life disability. The study highlights the importance of focusing not just on the short-term effects of childbearing and socioeconomic factors, but also of taking into account the possibility of long-term effects on disability in older women. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.