TSH-induced gene expression involves regulation of self-renewal and differentiation-related genes in human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

BAĞRIAÇIK E. Ü. , Yaman M. , Haznedar R., Sucak G., Delibasi T.

The Journal of endocrinology, vol.212, no.2, pp.169-78, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 212 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1530/joe-11-0404
  • Title of Journal : The Journal of endocrinology
  • Page Numbers: pp.169-78


Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells are pluripotent cells that are capable of differentiating into a variety of cell types including neuronal cells, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, myocytes, and adipocytes. Despite recent advances in stem cell biology, neuroendocrine relations, particularly TSH interactions remain elusive. In this study, we investigated expression and biological consequence of TSH receptor (TSHR) interactions in mesenchymal stem cells of cultured human bone marrow. To the best of our knowledge, we demonstrated for the first time that human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells expressed a functional thyrotropin receptor that was capable of transducing signals through cAMP. We extended this study to explore possible pathways that could be associated directly or indirectly with the TSHR function in mesenchymal stem cells. Expression of 80 genes was studied by real-time PCR array profiles. Our investigation indicated involvements of interactions between TSH and its receptor in novel regulatory pathways, which could be the important mediators of self-renewal, maintenance, development, and differentiation in bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. TSH enhanced differentiation to the chondrogenic cell lineage; however, further work is required to determine whether osteoblastic differentiation is also promoted. Our results presented in this study have opened an era of regulatory events associated with novel neuroendocrine interactions of hypothalamic-pituitary axis in mesenchymal stem cell biology and differentiation. Journal of Endocrinology (2012) 212, 169-178