A case of adenomatoid tumor of the uterus in a 34-year-old patient, who had received a renal transplant and was undergoing immunosuppresive therapy is presented. At surgery, there were a total of eight nodular intramural and subserous masses thought to be leiomyoma nodules, and tumor excision was unusually, hardly performed because the nodules were strictly adherent to the myometrium. All the specimens yielded the same pathological diagnosis - adenomatoid tumor. This case is unusual because of the multiple nodular pattern and its association with the immunocompromised status of the patient. Although adenomatoid tumors have not been shown to recur, we are in doubt in our case, because the uterus is still intact and the immunocompromised status of the patient might have a role in the extensive growth and also in the possibility of recurrence. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.