Semiotic Analysis of Traditional Women's Outfits with Entari of Kutahya

Koc F., Koca E.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.106, pp.70-87, 2015 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 106
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Title of Journal : MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Page Numbers: pp.70-87


Clothing is not a simple system. It is at the same time a system of signs (signals). In other words, it is a code. People's clothing is ascribed a great deal of meaning by the society that wears and uses it, and this gives clothing the characteristic of being a sign. People can use their clothes to express their beliefs, their views, their ideas, status, wealth etc. Thus, with the various meanings it carries, clothing takes on the role of being a verbal cultur element in addition to its primary function. The aim of this study is to provide a semiotic analysis of both the "signification" and "connotation" meanings reflected by the design characteristics and the usage-of women's entari outfits used on special occasions and in ceremonial activities in Kutahya and the surrounding districts. The indicators are explained using contrasts such as signifier/signified, syntagm/paradigm, denotation/connotation and the relationship between myths and interpretation is looked at and interpreted by using Barthes' signifying matrix. This study covers the entari outfits worn by women on special occasions and during ceremonial activities in Kutahya, Simav and Domanic districts. The denotation, which is the first plane of signification, it was determined that all the signs has a relationship between the signifier and the signified and that the sign resembled the actual object. Just as a meaningful whole is formed by means of a compositional connection by bringing together clothing items that have separate functions, so the signs come to mean "ensemble". In the sense of connotation, in a syntagmatic relation, the rules that govern the combining of the parts were seen to change the outfit's meaning. It is determined that the contrasts in the details of the forms of dress led to changes in interpretation and these changes are specifically shaped indigenously to the local culture. With objects expressing the meaning of words it was seen that interpretation was associated with myths at different levels in all the signs.