Percutaneous dilational tracheotomy in solid-organ transplant recipients


Ozdemirkan A., Ersoy Z., Zeyneloglu P., Gedik E., Pirat A., Haberal M.

Experimental and Clinical Transplantation, vol.13, pp.48-51, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.6002/ect.tdtd2015.o38
  • Journal Name: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.48-51
  • Keywords: Complications, Heart, Kidney transplant, Liver, Pulmonary compliance
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© Başkent University 2015 Printed in Turkey. All Rights Reserved.Objectives: Solid-organ transplant recipients may require percutaneous dilational tracheotomy because of prolonged mechanical ventilation or airway issues, but data regarding its safety and effectiveness in solid-organ transplant recipients are scarce. Here, we evaluated the safety, effectiveness, and benefits in terms of lung mechanics, complications, and patient comfort of percutaneous dilational tracheotomy in solid-organ transplant recipients. Materials and Methods: Medical records from 31 solid-organ transplant recipients (median age of 41.0 years [interquartile range, 18.0-53.0 y]) who underwent percutaneous dilational tracheotomy at our hospital between January 2010 and March 2015 were analyzed, including primary diagnosis, comorbidities, duration of orotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation, length of intensive care unit and hospital stays, the time interval between transplant to percutaneous dilational tracheotomy, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score, tracheotomy-related complications, and pulmonary compliance and ratio of partial pressure of arterial oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen. Results: The median Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score on admission was 24.0 (interquartile range, 18.0-29.0). The median interval from transplant to percutaneous dilational tracheotomy was 105.5 days (interquartile range, 13.0-2165.0 d). The only major complication noted was left-sided pneumothorax in 1 patient. There were no significant differences in ratio of partial pressure of arterial oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen before and after procedure (170.0 [inter - quartile range, 102.2-302.0] vs 210.0 [interquartile range, 178.5-345.5]; P =.052). However, pulmonary compliance results preprocedure and postprocedure were significantly different (0.020 L/cm H2O [interquartile range, 0.015-0.030 L/cm H2O] vs 0.030 L/cm H2O [interquartile range, 0.020- 0.041 L/cm H2O); P =.001]). Need for sedation significantly decreased after tracheotomy (from 17 patients [54.8%] to 8 patients [25.8%]; P =.004]). Conclusions: Percutaneous dilational tracheotomy with bronchoscopic guidance is an efficacious and safe technique for maintaining airways in solidorgan transplant recipients who require prolonged mechanical ventilation, resulting in possible improvements in ventilatory mechanics and patient comfort.