Objective: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a gram-negative bacterium. It is urease positive, mobile, microaerophilic, and spiral-shaped, and it settles in the stomach and the proximal duodenum. It is associated with chronic gastritis, stomach ulcers, duodenal ulcers, stomach cancer, and MALT lymphoma. It can also cause premalignant lesions, such as metaplasia and gastric atrophy. Although several studies are investigating the correlation between H. pylori and hyperplastic polyps (HPs) of the stomach, uncertainty in this regard continues.