Since the existence of human beings, in the context of establishing a universal language and sharing, it is impossible to think of human and art, isolated from one another. To become an individual is determined by humans using of power of thinking, distinguishing the good and bad, beautiful and ugly from each other, and having the power of free thought. The path to being able to achieve all of these goes from education especially from art education. Visual art education is the prerequisite for bringing out and shaping these characteristics, which were laid in the childhood of human beings. In the scope of our article, when we analyse the Ottoman Empire which was accepted as a follow-up of Islamic civilization in respect of art education both in terms of philosophy of life and reference, and in terms of content and its operation, we came up to the conclusion that to specify properly the extent of the contribution of Ottoman Empire to humanity in the field of education, art and culture is only possible with a healthy life style in its unique historical, geographical and cultural conditions. Before analysing these events, occurred in Dolmabahce Palace, as of the second period of 19th century, providing some general information about the palace will be helpful. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.