Aim: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder principally characterized by an elevation in oxidative stress levels. Ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury starts a cascade of events that lead to tissue ischaemia and cellular damage produced by reperfusion causing an inflammatory like response. Erythrocyte deformability and plasma viscosity are important clinical implications for organ and tissue perfusion. Recent studies have found that picroside-2 has antioxidant, neuroprotective and anti-inflamatory effects. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of picroside-2 on erythrocyte deformability and lipid peroxidation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats subjected to left anterior descending (LAD) artery IR.