A multidisciplinary study of the Golbasi-Harmanh coal seam, SE Turkey


KARAYİĞİT A. İ. , OSKAY R. G. , TUNCER A., Mastalerz M., GÜMÜŞ B. A. , Senguler I., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COAL GEOLOGY, vol.167, pp.31-47, 2016 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 167
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.coal.2016.09.005
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COAL GEOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.31-47
  • Keywords: Golbasi-Harmanh deposit, Ostracoda, Gastropoda, Middle Pleistocene, Coal petrography, Depositional environment, EAST ANATOLIAN FAULT, OSTRACODA CRUSTACEA, DEPOSITIONAL-ENVIRONMENTS, LIGNITE DEPOSITS, MACERAL RATIOS, NW MACEDONIA, BASIN, MIOCENE, LAKES, ZONE

Abstract

This study focuses on the Pleistocene Golbasi-Harmanh coal deposit located in the East Anatolian Fault Zone (EAFZ), SE Turkey. The principal aim of the study is to determine factors that controlled peat accumulation by means of palaeontological data, routine coal analyses (proximate-ultimate), mineralogical composition based on XRD and SEM-EDX, and coal petrography. The basin-infillings consist of alluvial, fluvial, and lacustrine sediments. Palaeolake levels along with sedimentation were presumably controlled by the EAFZ during Late Pliocene to Holocene times. The investigated coal-bearing zone is composed of a thick coal seam (up to 39 m) with thin clastic intercalations of fossiliferous claystones. Palaeontological data from these clastic bands imply that the coal accumulated during Middle Pleistocene times, an uncommon period for the formation of thick coals in Turkey.