Synthesis, Electrorheology, and Creep Behaviors of In Situ Intercalated Polyindole/Organo-Montmorillonite Conducting Nanocomposite


POLYMER COMPOSITES, vol.31, no.3, pp.471-481, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pc.20827
  • Title of Journal : POLYMER COMPOSITES
  • Page Numbers: pp.471-481


In this study, first polyindole (PIN) was synthesized using FeCl3 as an oxidizing agent. Then, an organo-montmorillonite (O-MMT) was prepared from virgin montmorillonite (MMT) by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) quaternary ammonium salt. Further, PIN/O-MMT conducting nanocomposite was prepared with 18% O-MMT content. The samples of PIN, MMT, O-MMT, and PIN/O-MMT nanocomposite were characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), elemental analysis, conductivity, magnetic susceptibility, density, particle size measurements, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) method. Characterization results showed a successfully prepared PIN/O-MMT nanocomposite having both intercalated and exfoliated structures. A series of concentrations (5-25%, m/m) were prepared from those above-mentioned materials in silicone oil (SO) and their sedimentation stabilities were determined. The suspensions were subjected to an external electric field strength and electrorheological (ER) activity was observed. The effects of dispersed particle concentration, shear rate, external electric field strength, frequency, and temperature onto ER activities of these suspensions were investigated. Creep tests were applied to all the four suspensions and recoverable viscoelastic deformations observed. POLYM. COMPOS., 31:471-481, 2010. (C) 2009 Society of Plastics Engineers