A facile and scalable approach to fabricating free-standing polymer-Carbon nanotube composite electrodes


Arcila-Velez M. R. , Emmett R. K. , KARAKAYA M., Podila R., Diaz-Orellana K. P. , Rao A. M. , ...More

SYNTHETIC METALS, vol.215, pp.35-40, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 215
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.synthmet.2016.02.005
  • Journal Name: SYNTHETIC METALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-40
  • Keywords: Supercapacitor, Conducting polymer, Carbon nanotubes, Scalable synthesis, Filtration, CAPACITANCE PROPERTIES, CHEMICAL-SYNTHESIS, REDOX ELECTRODES, PERFORMANCE, SUPERCAPACITOR, STATE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Nanoporous carbon materials are widely utilized in high-power supercapacitors due to their structural properties, chemical stability and conductivity, despite their limited energy density and charge storage capacity. Conducting polymers, on the other hand, possess high charge capacities; however, their application in commercial devices is hindered by degradation arising from their poor chemical and physical stability. Composites of carbon nanomaterials and conducting polymers have synergistic properties beneficial to supercapacitors, such as high capacitance and stability, but the limitations in scalable synthesis and polymer aggregation prevent widespread utilization. In this work, robust freestanding carbon nanotube (CNT)/electrically conducting polymer (ECP) electrodes are prepared using a simple dispersion filtration method, which can easily be scaled up. This process eliminates the use of binder, substrate or additional inactive weight. Composite CNT/ECP electrodes showed enhanced capacitance and charge capacity, achieving values up to 448 F/g and 84 mAh/g compared to 27 F/g and 10 mAh/g for pure CNT electrodes in aqueous electrolyte. Resulting symmetric cells exhibited energy and power densities of similar to 5 Wh/kg and similar to 283 W/kg, respectively, in aqueous electrolytes; and 12 Wh/kg and 744 W/kg, respectively, in organic electrolytes when using PEDOT/CNT electrodes. Given the process simplicity, relatively low cost and high throughput, the present composites have great potential for large-scale manufacturing of CP/CNTs supercapacitor electrodes. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.