The aim of this research is to develop a 3D virtual learning environment that supports collaborative learning, to identify elements that facilitate and obstruct the use of such environments, and to present solutions for problems which appear during the use of such environments. The method used in this study was formative research. The study was conducted with 56 senior students who were at the time studying in the Computer Education and Instructional Technology department at a university located in Ankara, and the implementation process lasted six weeks. In the data collection process, the study used focus group interviews and usage surveys that consisted of closed and open-ended questions. In the data analysis phase, descriptive statistics and content analysis were used. The results have shown that factors which influence the use of the 3D virtual learning environments that support collaborative learning are the components of social presence, motivation and utilization.