Smartphone digital image colorimetry combined with solidification of floating organic drop-dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction for the determination of iodate in table salt


Caleb J., Alshana U., ERTAŞ N.

FOOD CHEMISTRY, vol.336, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

Smartphone digital image colorimetry (SDIC), combined with solidification of floating organic drop-dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (SFOD-DLLME), was proposed for the determination of iodate ions. A colorimetric box was designed to capture images of sample solutions. Factors affecting the efficiency of SDIC included type of phone, region of interest, position of camera, and distance between camera and sample solution. Optimum SFOD-DLLME conditions were achieved with 1-undecanol (500 mu L) as the extraction solvent, ethanol (1.5 mL) as the disperser solvent within 20 s extraction time. Limit of detection (LOD) was found as 0.1 mu M (0.2 mu g g(-1)) and enrichment factors ranged between 17.4 and 25.0. Calibration graphs showed good linearity with coefficients of determination higher than 0.9954 and relative standard deviations lower than 5.6%. The proposed method was efficiently applied to determine iodate in table salt samples with percentage relative recoveries ranging between 89.3 and 109.3%.